Contractor hired by city has to protect it on suits from cops on hair sample drug testing NO SPECIAL FORM OF NOTICE FOR DUTY TO DEFEND When a contract includes indemnity and an agreement to defend, no special kind of notice is required before the duty to defend is triggered.  The burden of notice is… Read More


No impunity for bullying totally unconnected to the employer’s interest A Latinx legal assistant worked at the law offices of a male solo practitioner. The employer created an almost unbelievably hostile and disgusting workplace environment. She sued claiming intentional infliction of emotional distress, sexual harassment by hostile work environment and constructive discharge. The jury award… Read More


FACTS A 23 year old ballerina student brought claims of sexual assault occurring on a work-related trip far from home, against a 43 year old instructor/ employee of the school and officer of its business. Recent Massachusetts Appeals Court case dismisses claims that insurers have to defend the conduct alleged in this case. Marculetiu v.… Read More